Buy Agricultural Land

Buy Agricultural Land

The purchase of agricultural land in Quebec is governed by a number of specific laws and regulations, including those related to the Commission de protection du territoire agricole du Québec (CPTAQ). Here are some key points to consider:

Act respecting the protection of agricultural land and activities (LPTAA): This law, implemented by the CPTAQ, aims to protect agricultural land from non-agricultural development. Before you can use agricultural land for non-agricultural purposes or divide it, you will generally need to obtain authorization from the CPTAQ.

Agricultural zoning: In many regions of Quebec, agricultural land is subject to zoning restrictions that may affect its use. For example, some land may be limited to agriculture or livestock.

Foreign property rights: If you are not a Canadian citizen or permanent resident, you will need to obtain authorization from the Quebec government to purchase agricultural land over 4 hectares. This rule is in place to limit speculation and foreign concentration of agricultural land.

Taxation: Agricultural land in Quebec can benefit from certain favorable tax measures, such as reduced property tax rates. However, these benefits may be related to the actual use of the land for agricultural purposes.

Environmental protection: Farmland is often subject to strict environmental regulations, especially regarding water bodies, wetlands and forests. It is important to understand these restrictions before purchasing.

Residence on the land: In some cases, if you want to build a residence on the agricultural land, you must prove that the residence is necessary for the agricultural operation.

We will accompany you throughout the transaction. However, given the particularities and legal requirements, we strongly recommend that you consult a lawyer or notary before buying agricultural land in Quebec to ensure that you understand all the legal and regulatory implications.

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